Wed.- Seminar on Chemical Physics
Cond.Matt. & Stat.Mech.Section
cm at ictp.it
Thu May 29 14:56:08 CEST 2014
INFORMAL SEMINAR on Chemical Physics
Wednesday, 4 June - 11:30 a.m.
Luigi Stasi Seminar Room, ICTP Leonardo Building (1st floor)
Ricardo GRAU-CRESPO (University of Reading, U.K.)
"Ensemble approaches to the computer simulation of site-disordered solids"
Site-occupancy disorder, defined as the non-periodic occupation of lattice sites in a crystal structure, is a ubiquitous phenomenon in solid-state physics and chemistry. Examples are mineral solid solutions, synthetic non-stoichiometric compounds and metal alloys. The experimental investigation of these materials using diffraction techniques only provides averaged information of their structure. However, many properties of interest in these solids are determined by the local geometry and degree of disorder, which escape an “average crystal” description, either from experiments or from theory. In this talk, I will introduce a methodology for the computer simulation of site-disordered solids, based on the consideration of configurational ensembles and statistical mechanics [1, 2]. The number of occupancy configurations is reduced by taking advantage of the crystal symmetry of the lattice. Thermodynamics and non-thermodynamic properties are then defined from the statistics in the symmetry-adapted configurational ensemble. I will briefly discuss some recent applications of this methodology and of its generalization to grand-canonical ensembles [3-7].
1. R. Grau-Crespo, S. Hamad, et al., Symmetry-adapted configurational modelling of fractional site occupancy in solids. Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter, 2007. 19: 256201.
2. R. Grau-Crespo and U. V. Waghmare. Simulation of crystals with chemical disorder at lattice sites. In Molecular Modeling for the Design of Novel Performance Chemicals and Materials. Edited by Beena Rai. CRC Press Inc. ISBN 9781439840788 (2012).
3. R. Grau-Crespo, K. C. Smith, et al., Thermodynamics of hydrogen vacancies in MgH2 from first-principles calculations and grand-canonical statistical mechanics. Physical Review B, 2009. 80: 174117
4. K. C. Smith, T. S. Fisher, U.V. Waghmare, R. Grau-Crespo, Dopant-vacancy binding effects in Li-doped magnesium hydride. Physical Review B, 2010. 82: 134109.
5. R. Grau-Crespo, N. H. De Leeuw, et al., Phase separation and surface segregation in ceria-zirconia solid solutions. Proceedings of the Royal Society A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 2011. 467: 1925-1938.
6. S. E. Ruiz-Hernandez, R. Grau-Crespo, et al., Mg/Ca partitioning between aqueous solution and aragonite mineral: a molecular dynamics study. Chemistry - A European Journal, 2012. 18: 9828-9833.
7. P. Rivero, I.D.P.R. Moreira, R. Grau-Crespo, S. N. Datta, F. Illas. General model for explicitly hole-doped superconductor parent compounds: Electronic structure of Ca2-xNaxCuO2Cl2 as a case study. Physical Review B, 2013. 88, 085108.
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